Jurong Fishery Port
SFA operates two fishery ports at Jurong and Senoko. They provide 24-hour service daily to foreign and local fishing vessels for bunkering, discharging and transshipment of fish. The fishing ports enforce the opens in a new windowWholesome Meat and Fish Act, and its opens in a new windowsubsidiary legislation and the opens in a new windowFisheries Act and its opens in a new windowsubsidiary legislation in respect of marketing and fishing harbour activities. The ports also house the wholesale fish markets whereby buyers can buy fish wholesale in bulk.
The non-regulatory functions such as maintenance of cleanliness and sanitation of the ports and its whole markets have been outsourced to a managing agent from 1 November 2005 onwards. The current managing agent at the ports is M/s CPG Facilities Management Pte Ltd.
opens in a new windowPlease click for information on Senoko Fishery Port (SFP).
Jurong Fishery Port (JFP) is situated at the mouth of the Jurong River at the south western part of Singapore. It is located at Fishery Port Road. It has an area of 5.1 hectares and started operations in 1969. JFP is an international port for foreign fishing vessels to land their fish catch. It serves not only as a docking and bunkering base for foreign fishing vessels operating in the Indian and Pacific Ocean, but also as a marketing and distribution centre for fresh fish. JFP operates 24 hours a day, all year round, except for marketing and distribution activities, which are closed on Monday mornings between 0200 hours and 0600 hours.
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JFP provides facilities, which include a 400 metre long wharf, a wholesale fish market, shops, ice-crusher stalls, canteens and fish merchants' office units. JFP also has a computerised water batching system, which dispenses potable water to fishing vessels berthed at the wharf.
Supply of fish
Fishing vessels and fish reefer boats calling at JFP usually unload their catch between 2300 hrs and 0200 hrs for wholesale through the fish merchants. Other than importation by sea from Indonesia, fish sold at JFP are also brought in by trucks by land from Malaysia and Thailand, and by air from countries like Australia, Bangladesh, China, India, Myanmar and Vietnam. In addition, frozen tuna is transshipped through the JFP.
Marketing and wholesale activities
JFP's wholesale fish market is 9,000 sq meters in area and houses 110 market lots. There are about 103 fish merchants licensed by the SFA conducting wholesale fish business at JFP. On average 2,000 to 3,000 fish retailers, fish processors and institutional buyers come to JFP's wholesale fish market daily to buy fish. Fish are displayed for sale in the market lots and their freshness is maintained by the crushed ice in the fish box. Fish are sold by wholesale in bulk at a negotiated price. An average of 200-250 tonnes of fresh fish is handled each day. Peak hours of sale are from 0200 hrs to 0600 hrs, except on Monday mornings when the market is closed.
Types of fish
More than a hundred species of fish including prawn, crab, lobster and finfish are sold at the JFP. The price of fish fluctuates depending on supply and demand as well as type, size and the freshness of fish. Popular species of fish sold include Sea Bream, Spanish Mackerel, Gold-Banded Scad, Red Snapper, Mackerel, Pomfret, Grouper, Threadfin, Horse Mackerel, shrimp/prawn and squid.
Services and fees
JFP provides 24-hour service to the port and market users. The description and fees/charges for the port services provided by JFP are:
Marine Aquaculture Centre
The Marine Aquaculture Centre (MAC) of the Singapore Food Agency (AVA), located on St John's Island in the open southern waters of Singapore, was set up to develop and harness technology to facilitate the development and expansion of large-scale hatchery and opens in a new window fish farming production in Singapore and the region.
This Centre aims to:
- Promote the reliable supply of a variety of tropical food fish to local consumers as well as establish benchmarks on price and quality of fish in our market;
- Help stabilise Singapore's fish supply and reduce dependence on food fish caught from the seas since this is not sustainable in the long term;
- To culture fish using good quality and healthy fry which can be grown to market size using good and safe farming practices e.g. minimal use of antibiotics and other drugs
Research & Development
MAC undertakes research and development in tropical marine aquaculture. Its programmes focus on fish reproduction, large-scale hatchery and fish farming technology development. To support these activities, MAC also addresses other related areas such as fish nutrition and feeding, fish health, the establishment of good aquaculture practices, monitoring of the fish farming environment and seawater re-use. Future breeding programmes will be on selective breeding so that fish are of better quality, in terms of faster growth or disease resistant.
MAC's outputs will facilitate marine aquaculture development and expansion in Singapore and the region. Cultured fry are in short supply and this is one of the bottlenecks to this development. MAC's pioneering work is therefore aimed at promoting a long-term sustainable supply of a wide variety of tropical food fish at affordable prices for consumers in Singapore.
MAC's efforts are also aimed at promoting large-scale deep netcage fish farming of tropical food fish species.
Large-scale hatchery technology
MAC is undertaking R&D in the following areas to develop large-scale hatchery technology:
- Culture systems and operations for large-scale commercial production of fry at all the hatchery stages, namely spawning, egg collection and hatching, live larval feed production, larviculture, weaning, nursery
- Seawater re-use technology
- Developing optimal hatchery conditions and good hatchery practices
- Live fish transportation methods
- Hatchery fish health, feed and nutritional requirements
- New/novel species - to study the potential of high-value fish species for hatchery technology development
Other hatchery-related technologies which will also have to be concurrently researched and developed by MAC are:
- Fish reproduction technology- to close the reproductive cycles of key marine food fish species
- Selective breeding - to improve brooder fish quality
- Live fish larval food production - to improve the nutritional quality of live larval food, develop and improve culture technique for common live food micro-organisms such as algae and rotifers, and to identify other alternative live food
- Inert larval feed supplements - to develop formulated larval feeds that can supplement or even eventually replace expensive live larval food
- In fish biotechnology and other upstream molecular applications e.g. genetic selection to facilitate fish breeding, development of fish vaccines and diagnostic kits.
Large-scale deep netcage farming technology
MAC's efforts are also aimed at promoting large-scale deep netcage fish farming of tropical food fish species, such as the Asian seabass (Lates calcarifer), trevallys (Caranx spp), cobia (or black kingfish, Rachycentron canadum), snappers (Lutjanus spp), and pompano (Trachinotus blochii). MAC will maximize production rates, develop feeding strategies and optimize feed utilization for effective production of these tropical marine food fish.
A deep netcage fish farm has a complex mooring system that is anchored to the sea bed. Such a mooring system can withstand the swift currents that could prevail in open waters. Heavy duty high density polyethylene (HDPE) floating collars of 12.5 metres or more in diameter, and smaller squares are fitted into the grids of the mooring system and cage nets with a depth of 6 to more than 8 metres are secured to these frames. The deep cages allow for the stocking of more fish per square metre compared to the more traditional shallow coastal cages. The deep netcage fish farm is operated by skilled workers, with the use of mechanization and automation wherever possible, for example, automatic fish feeding and counting, and mechanized harvesting.
Post-Harvest Technology Centre
Post-Harvest Technology For Fruits and Vegetables
SFA provides technical expertise in the areas of post-harvest handling, packaging and quality assessment and assurance of vegetables. SFA has been largely active in the following areas:
- Improving the quality and extending the shelf life of vegetables in Singapore
- Increasing awareness of good quality vegetables and proper handling practices
- Strengthening the network of vegetable farmers, processors, traders and retailers
- Introducing and promoting cold chain management to the vegetable industry
SFA, together with various other external associations eg. the Singapore Fruits and Vegetables Importers and Exporters Association (SFVA), and makes continuous efforts to introduce new postharvest technologies to growers, importers and retailers to ensure a stable and adequate supply of safe, wholesome and fresh quality product for Singapore.
Research and development (R&D)
SFA carries out various R & D projects dealing with vegetable post-harvest technology. Some of the areas of research include:
- Establishing quality parameters for vegetables
- Developing packaging technology for shelf-life extension of vegetables
- Developing processing protocols for minimally processed vegetables
- Cooling techniques and cold chain management for vegetables
Transfer of technology
Training courses and seminars on vegetable post-harvest technology are conducted for the local vegetable industry so as to upgrade their knowledge and skills. We conduct various types of training courses and seminars in Vegetables Post-Harvest Technology such as:
- Introduction of Post-harvest of Fruits and Vegetables (for farmers and /or packers)
- Post-harvest Handling of Fruits and Vegetables (supermarkets personnel)
- Pre-cooling of Leafy Vegetables (vacuum cooling and/or forced-air cooling)
- Minimally Processed Fresh Produce/Freshcut Processing
SFA also conducts courses on vegetable post-harvest technology for other countries so as to transfer technology, share information and knowledge as well as establish valuable networks with the technical institutions and personnel in other countries.
SFA is able to provide consultancy and technical assistance in vegetable processing and product development, ie Sensory Evaluation trials, to interested companies.
Post-Harvest Technology for Fish
Being strategically positioned in the midst of the major fishing countries in Southeast Asia, Singapore sees the opportunity to develop and expand its seafood processing industry. The industry has upgraded into a highly automated and high capacity fish product manufacturing business, catering for both domestic demand and export to the US, EU and Australia.
Since the late 1970s, AVA has been instrumental in turning the fish processing industry from a predominantly domestic, labour intensive, backyard industry into a mechanised and later automated, modern one that is growing in its export markets. This success is the result of years of working closely with and providing training to the industry as well as upgrading the skill-set through the introduction of Japanese technology adapted to suit the local industry. The use of alternate raw materials as well as mechanisation and the development of value-added products have also contributed to this success.
Notable among the contributions of AVA to the industry was introducing the concept of HACCP to the seafood processing industry, and assisting individual manufacturers to develop their own HACCP programmes. AVA also played a key role in assisting the local fish processors to set up the Seafood Industries Association, Singapore (SIAS). The SIAS represents the seafood processing, manufacturing and trading companies in Singapore. With the transition of AVA to SFA, SFA will continue to work closely with SIAS, SFMA (Singapore Food Manufacturers' Association) and other government agencies to upgrade the local fish processing industry.
With an aim to aid the local fish processing industry, SFA has been largely active in the following areas:
- Assisting the aquaculture industry in promoting the utilisation of farmed fish through product development
- Assisting the fish processing industry to develop HACCP systems
- Assisting the fish processing industry in developing value-added products
The Post-Harvest Technology Centre (PHTC) is also the Collaborating Centre for the Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center (SEAFDEC)’s Marine Fisheries Research Department (MFRD) programme on fisheries post-harvest technology. SEAFDEC is a regional inter-governmental organization of which Singapore is a member country. The MFRD programme aims to promote, undertake and co-ordinate research and development on fisheries post-harvest technology, including the processing, handling, preservation and quality assessment of fish and fish products, and transfer such technology to the region through training courses, seminars and workshops.
Currently, there are two projects under the MFRD programme which are being implemented by PHTC:
- Chemicals and Drug Residues in Fish and Fish Products in Southeast Asia – Biotoxins (ASP, AZA and BTX) and Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) in the ASEAN region;
- Traceability Systems for Aquaculture Products in ASEAN region.
Research and development (R&D)
The SFA carries out R&D in fisheries post-harvest technology. Some of the areas of research include:
- Developing value-added fish products from marine and aquacultured fish species (smoked fish, half-shelled frozen mussel)
- Developing GMP for fishball and fishcake, battered and breaded fish and chicken products etc
- Developing standard and quality testing methods for fishball and fishcake
- Developing value addded mussel sauce from mussel broth (i.e. a by-product of cooked frozen half-shell mussel processing)
- Developing good handling practices and techniques for seafood
Transfer of technology
SFA organises study trips for industry members so that they can upgrade their knowledge and skills as well as establish valuable networks with seafood industries in other countries.
SFA also organises seminars and workshops on HACCP as well as fish processing and product development for the local seafood industry.
SFA is able to provide consultancy and technical assistance in fish processing, product development and sensory evaluations, to interested companies.
Senoko Fishery Port
SFA operates two fishery ports at Jurong and Senoko. They provide 24-hour service daily to foreign and local fishing vessels for bunkering, discharging and transhipment of fish. The fishing ports enforce the opens in a new windowWholesome Meat and Fish Act, and its opens in a new windowsubsidiary legislation and the opens in a new windowFisheries Act and its opens in a new windowsubsidiary legislation in respect of marketing and fishing harbour activities. The ports also house the wholesale fish markets whereby buyers can buy fish wholesale in bulk.
The non-regulatory functions such as maintenance of cleanliness and sanitation of the ports and its whole markets have been outsourced to a managing agent from 1 November 2005 onwards. The current managing agent at the ports is M/s CPG Facilities Management Pte Ltd
opens in a new windowPlease click to view more information on Jurong Fishery Port (JFP).
The Senoko Fishing Port (SFP) is situated in the north of Singapore and has an area of 3.24 hectares. The port began operations in September 1997. It was constructed at a cost of about $26 million to replace the former Punggol Fishing Port.
opens in a new windowPlease click to view the location map.
SFP serves as a home base for the local fishing fleet of 4 off-shore and 35 in-shore fishing vessels. The facilities available include a 180 metre-long jetty, a fish wholesale market, shops, canteen and office units for the convenience of the fishing community, as well as a computerised water-batching system for the dispensing of potable water to fishing vessels.
Supply of fish
There are 25 SFA-licensed fish merchants based at SFP, handling about 15000 tonnes of fish per annum. About half of this comprises supply landed by local fish trawlers, in-shore vessels, kelongs and fish farms, while the rest of the fish are imported.
Marketing and wholesale activities
SFP's fish wholesale market houses 36 market lots of 40 sq metres each. The business transactions take place daily from 0200 hrs to 0600 hrs, except on Monday mornings when the market is closed. Some 700 to 1000 fish retailers, fish processors and institutional buyers come daily to purchase fish.
Services and fees
SFP provides 24-hour service to the port and market users. The description and fees/charges for services provided by SFP are :
National Centre for Food Science
The National Centre for Food Science (NCFS), located at the Lim Chu Kang Agri-BioPark, is the cornerstone of SFA's integrated food safety programme. This Centre houses the SFA's food inspection services and laboratory testing services. Our multi-disciplinary team of skilled and dedicated professionals, scientists and experts continuously harnesses cutting-edge technology and sound science to deliver a one-stop service for food safety.
The specialised inspection and laboratory testing services at the NCFS provide vital support to our food safety monitoring and surveillance programmes. Our risk-based inspection programmes adhere to international standards, and our state-of-the art laboratories has the capability to detect a wide range of foodborne hazards.
Our team at the NCFS maintains vigilance against food safety challenges by constantly scanning the environment for new and emerging food safety threats. We keep abreast of changes and challenges by continuously updating our food inspection and surveillance programmes, and enhancing our food testing capabilities.
Stringent inspection checks to ensure food safety
The SFA's Compliance Management Division conducts stringent food safety checks on food imports and food processing establishments to enforce food safety standards. A science-based food inspection programme is used to verify and ensure that food manufacturers, importers, distributors and producers meet SFA's food safety requirements. To ensure alignment with international standards and regulations, we regularly review and update our food inspection programme.
Our officers from the Compliance Management Division conduct:
- Checks on imported primary produce, livestock and processed food at the ports of entry;
- Checks on farms, abattoirs, poultry slaughterhouses, meat, fish and food processing establishments, and cold storage facilities;
- Checks on Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) programmes of food processing establishments;
- Monitoring and surveillance programmes;
- Risk assessment and epidemiology studies.
Food safety vigilance through state-of the-art laboratory analyses
Foodborne hazards are invisible to the naked eye and detecting them is the domain of skilled professionals using sophisticated equipment. The SFA's National Centre for Food Science (NCFS) which is staffed by highly competent scientists, and which is equipped with state-of-the-art testing equipment and facilities.
The NCFS is designated as an OIE Collaborating Centre for Food Safety by the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) in 2014. Its comprehensive range of analytical testing capabilities covers tests for a wide spectrum of microbial and chemical contaminants, as well as drug and pesticide residues such as:
- Chemical contaminants and chemical food additives;
- Drug residues;
- Pesticide residues;
- Foodborne microbes;
- Foodborne parasites;
- Foodborne toxins;
- Food and feed nutritional components;
- Physical quality and food authenticity;
- Genetically modified organisms
We use testing protocols which are in line with internationally recognised procedures and standards.
The NCFS strives to continuously sharpen its competencies in producing accurate testing results. We actively seek accreditation to international standards, and we have attained ISO/IEC 17025 accreditation under the opens in a new windowSingapore Accreditation Council Singapore Laboratory Accreditation Scheme. Our laboratory participates actively in interlaboratory proficiency programmes as part of our rigorous quality assurance programme.
Facilitation of food exports
The NCFS facilitates trade through the provision of inspection, testing and opens in a new windowexport health certification services to the food industry for the export of meat, fish and dairy products. Our inspection, testing and certification services are recognised in more than 40 importing countries, including Australia, New Zealand, Japan and the European Union.
Professional and dedicated staff
The success of NCFS lies in the competence, professional and dedication of the staff. We believe in developing and upgrading the competence of our staff through continuing education in their area of specialisation. Our training programmes aim to equip the Centre's multi-disciplinary team of experts and scientists with the confidence and ability to respond swiftly and effectively to emerging food safety threats, and to deliver quality service to our customers.