Food Farming

Farming in Singapore

*Please note that all existing licences issued by AVA before 1 Apr 2019 will remain valid till the stated expiry date.

Agrotechnology Parks

Agrotechnology Parks are modern agriculture estates developed with the appropriate infrastructure for farming. These parks have a total land area of 1,465 hectares. Close to 600 hectares have been allocated to over 200 farms for the production of:

  • livestock
  • eggs
  • milk
  • aquarium and food fish
  • vegetables
  • fruits
  • orchids
  • ornamental and aquatic plants
  • breeding of birds and dogs

The Agrotechnology Parks house modern farms that develop, adapt and showcase advanced technologies and techniques for:

  • intensive farming system
  • export of high value and quality products and services to other countries in the region

Agrotechnology Parks in Singapore

The 6 Agrotechnology Parks are located at:

SFA’s Shift to Agrotechnology

The need to maximise output from Singapore’s limited agricultural land led our move towards agrotechnology – the application of modern technology and life sciences to intensive farming systems.

In 1986, we started the Agrotechnology Programme which was split into 3 components:

  • development of Agrotechnology Parks to house modern intensive farms
  • development of Agrotechnology and Agri-biotechnology (knowledge of agriculture and molecular biology applied to large-scale and intensive farming)
  • promotion of investments in the Agri-industry

SFA Technical & R&D Centres

Providing technical assistance to the local farming industry, these centres help improve the quality of produce and enhance overall productivity.

The centres are:

Types of Farming Activities in Agrotechnology Parks

Land is used for various types of farming activities in an agrotechnology park.

Farming activities in Agrotechnology Parks (as of Nov 2015)
Activities No. of Farms Total Area (ha)
Aquarium Fish 64 139
Foodfish & Shrimps 9 34
Poultry 3 48
Others 9 26
Vegetable 57 114
Orchid / Ornamentals etc. 75 247
Total 217 608

Agri-Bio Park

To develop Singapore as a centre of excellence in tropical agrotechnology services, we have developed an Agri-biotechnology cluster in the Agri-Bio Park (ABP).

Lots of 1-hectare land have been allocated on 30-year leases for agri-biotechnology activities such as:

  • research and development in fish vaccines
  • food safety and animal and plant health testing
  • post-harvest technology activities

These centres are also located within the ABP:

  • SFA Veterinary Public Health Centre
  • SFA Animal & Plant Health Centre
  • Marine Fisheries Research Department of the Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Centre

View the opens in a new windowAgri-Bio Park map.

For more information on the use of State Land, contact SLA Enquiry at:

Tel: (65) 6323 9829
Fax: (65) 6323 9937

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Vegetable & Foodcrop Production

Our local farms produce mainly leafy vegetables and beansprouts from soil or hydroponic cultivation. More than 80% of the leafy vegetables produced are derived from soil cultivation. Most farms cultivate their produce under protective netting to ensure high quality leafy vegetables. The leafy vegetables and beansprouts produced, amount to S$20 million in value and are wholly consumed by the domestic market.


Singapore is a major exporter of cut orchids. Our orchids are renowned for their exquisite quality and longer vase-life. Around 80 farms in Singapore that cultivate orchids, ornamental plants and aquatic plants in the Agrotechnology Parks export their products worth over $50 million to more than 30 international countries such as Japan, Australia, USA, Greece and Canada.

Orchid Business Cluster

To strengthen our floriculture industry and position as an exporter of premium quality tropical orchids, SFA facilitated the formation of the Orchid Business Cluster in 2003.

The Cluster comprises representatives from various floriculture associations, growers, exporters, as well as representatives from government bodies such as International Enterprise (IE) Singapore and SFA.

It aims to :

  • Identify and address the challenges faced by the Singapore Orchid Industry;
  • Enhance the marketing and promotion of Singapore orchids worldwide;
  • Explore opportunities for overseas investments and expansion of production bases in the region; and
  • Harness the resources of the orchid industry to develop new products

Horticulture Farms in Singapore

Kok Fah Technology Farm

Located at Sungei Tengah Agro-technology Park, Kok Fah Technology Farm is a well-established farm that does soil cultivation of leafy vegetables under protected netting. It houses 5 farms ranging from 0.9 to 2.6 hectares with a total land area of 7.3 hectares.

The farm opened in 1992 and produces about 1400 tonnes of vegetables annually. This amounts to 14% of the local vegetables produced for the domestic market. 

Some of the varieties include:

  • bayam (Amaranthus gangeticus)
  • caixin (Brassica chinensis var. parachinensis)
  • gailan (B. alboglabra)
  • kang kong (Ipomoea aquatica)
  • xiaobaicai(B. chinensis)

To stay vertically integrated and ensure that its produce are directly marketed to supermarkets, the farm has been equipped with these facilities:

  • cold-room
  • processing and packaging facilities
  • overhead mist sprinkler system
  • agricultural automation in the daily operation

The vegetables are mainly packed and sold under the Pasar brand by a leading supermarket chain. The farm also operates a stall at Pasir Panjang Wholesale Centre for direct marketing of its produce.

Oh Chin Huat Hydroponic Farms

Located within Singapore’s Nee Soon Agrotechnology Park at Bah Soon Pah Road, Oh Chin Huat Hydroponic Farms has been supplying hydroponic vegetables since 1991. It has a total land area of 2.4 hectares, with more than 200 units of modular growing houses produces over 300 kilogrammes of vegetables daily.

Types of leafy vegetables produced:

  • caixin
  • xiaobaicai
  • gailan
  • bayam
  • leaf lettuce 

Types of aromatic herbs produced:

  • basil
  • chives
  • oregano
  • thyme
  • parsley

The company's continuous research and development efforts have achieved significant results in adapting the Hydroponics Technology to better:

  • suit our tropical climate
  • improve agricultural quality and productivity
  • improve range of produce offered to the market
Toh Orchids

Located in Sungei Tengah Agrotechnology Park, Toh Orchids is one of the leading cultivators and exporters of over 30 varieties of cut-orchids in Singapore. The company has expanded to another 2 farms totalling 9.8 hectares, with one farm specializing in orchid production and the other in ornamental plant production.

The farm also has a well-established marketing and distribution network that enables them to deliver fresh-cut orchids overseas within 24 hours.

Quality of produce

The quality of the orchids is ensured through stringent selection of new hybrids and micro-propagation in the farm's specialised tissue culture laboratory. Toh Orchid is ISO 9001 certified and is also accredited by SFA under the Assurance Certification Scheme (ACS). The farm has also participated in international flower shows and trade exhibitions and has won many awards.

Cut flower production and handling are carried out using the latest technology. The staff are trained to select, grade and pack the cut flowers for optimum shelf life.

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Ornamental Fish Farming

Singapore is a top exporter of ornamental fish and is known as a “one-stop shop” for global ornamental fish business. Exporters get around 500 species of ornamental fish, buying from our local farms (accounts for 40% of sales) and other farms in the region for re-exporting.

Ornamental Fish Business Cluster

Formed in 2003, the ornamental fish business cluster aims to foster closer industry integration between the private and government sector.

Other aims include:

  • Reinforce Singapore as an Ornamental Fish Export Centre
  • Create an R & D Centre for ornamental fish industry in Singapore
  • Establish a Training Centre for Ornamental Fish and provide quality consultancy services to Singapore and the Region.

With this cluster, SFA looks to establish a collaborative framework with exporters and traders to maintain and advance Singapore's position.

The cluster’s Chairperson Dr Kenny Yap from Qian Hu Cooperation was appointed by SFA for a 3-year term.

Other committee members include:

  • representatives from IE Singapore, EDB, SPRING Singapore, WDA, Ngee Ann Polytechnic
  • presidents of 2 major ornamental fish associations in Singapore(Exporters and Breeding)
  • private companies with core businesses (IT/Knowledge) that are central to cluster's activities
Qian Hu Corporation Limited

Qian Hu is an integrated ornamental fish service provider offering these services:

  • breeding of Dragon fish
  • farming of ornamental fish
  • importing of ornamental fish
  • exporting of ornamental fish
  • distributing of ornamental fish
  • manufacturing and distribution of aquarium and pet accessories to local and overseas customers

Its ornamental fish farm at Sungei Tengah Agrotechnology Park occupies a land area of 4.2 hectares, and has 12 main buildings for trading and farming operations.

Awards and achievements
  • ISO 9002 certification: For its conditioning and packaging operations.
  • ISO 14000 certification: For its environmental management system
  • Singapore Quality Award (SQA): For Business excellence

The farm's modern facilities include:

  • temperature-controlled packing house for packing fish to be exported
  • computerised system for trading records
  • laboratory for fish examination and water quality analysis
  • indoor/outdoor culture systems for holding/farming fish under controlled environment
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