b'ENSURING SAFE FOOD FOR ALLNCFSsworkisunderpinnedbyacommitmentto maintaininghighlaboratorytestingstandards.DuringTA sETabBleL E1 :1:T eTtsS TacSc AreCdCitRedE DITED theFY,weconsolidatedthequalitysystemsofthebyB YSA SCA-CSI-NSIGNLGALSA (SF Y(F Y20 21091)9)laboratoriespreviouslymanagedbythethen-Agri-food& Veterinary AuthorityandHSA. ThetransitionChemical TestsfromISO/IEC17025:2005toISO/IEC17025:17wasBisphenol A in baby milk bottle using LC-MS/MSsuccessfullycompleted.Asat31March2019,NCFSCadmium, lead and copper in general food products attained accreditation for a total of 380 tests, includingusing AAS14 new ones accredited (Table 1) in FY 2019. Mercury in seawater using AASMultiple pesticide residues in processed food NCFSalsoparticipatesininter-laboratoryproficiency(including milk, milk products, cereal and products, (ILP)testingprogrammes.Theseprogrammesassesstea and products) using GC-MS/MS and LC-MS/MS thelaboratoryseffectivenessindiscerningparasites,Bacillus Cereus Enterotoxins in processed foods pathogens,toxins,chemicalcontaminants,additives,using RPLApreservatives,allergens,nutritionalcomponents,drugBiological Testsresidues, and pesticide residues, amongst others, in food. InFY2019,NCFSparticipatedandperformedwellinCampylobacter spp. count in poultry using culture94 proficiency test rounds under 14 proficiency testingCampylobacter jejuni, coli, lari in poultry using swabs schemes administered by reputable international, regional,with Amires gel with charcoaland local ILP scheme providers including: Salmonella spp. in poultry using swabs with Cary ASEAN Food Reference LaboratoriesBlair Agar Salmonella spp. in whole shell eggs using Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperationreal-time PCRAsia-Pacific Laboratory Accreditation CooperationSalmonella spp. in processed eggs using CentreforEnvironment,Fisheries&Aquaculturereal-time PCRScience (UK) Stapphylococcal Enterotoxins in processed foods using ELISAEurofins Scientific (France) Enterobacteriaceae count in all food samples European Union reference Laboratory (EU) using cultureFERA Science Food and Agriculture Organisation of theCV127 Soya DNA in food and feed (raw and United Nation (UK) processed) using real-time PCRVancomycin-Resistant Enterococci in poultry using Global Proficiency Limited (New Zealand) swabs with Cary Blair AgarHSA InstituteofFoodSafetyof WageningenUniversity&Inaddition,NCFScontinuedtoconductR&Don Research (the Netherlands) emergingfoodcontaminants.DuringtheFY,,efforts International Atomic Energy Agencywerefocusedonnanomaterialtestingandinthefield Office of Texas State ChemistTexas A&M AgriLifeofantimicrobialresistance(AMR).InFY2019,NCFS Research (FAO, US) completedthedevelopmentandvalidationofteststo Public Health England (UK) detect and characterise nanoparticles in food, through the use of Asymmetric Flow Field Flow Fractionation ICP-MS US Department of Agriculture (US) andSingle-ParticleICP-MS. Thescopeofnanoparticle NCFS is committed to continually develop and improveanalysiswasalsoexpanded,withourprocurementof ourtestingcapabilities.Suchimprovementshelpusadvanced instrumentation such as the Centrifugal Field tokeeppacewithnewlyemergingchemicalandFlow Fractionation ICP-MS/MS.microbiologicalhazardsthatmaybepresentinfood.Through collaboration with other government agencies In FY 2019, 12 additional methods were developed toand academia, NCFS continued to spearhead policy-driven establish new testing capabilities (Table 2). In addition, 15research studies to understand the epidemiology of AMR keyenhancementsweremadetoexistingmethodstopathogens across the food chain and to elucidate their improve accuracy and turnaround time (Table 3). transmission pathway from the One Health perspective. InFY2019,NCFSpublishedthreepeer-reviewed research articles on AMR and represented SFA in the AMR Research Grant Scientific Panel as part of the One Health AMR Joint Research Programme.46 SINGAPORE FOOD AGENCYANNUAL REPORT 2019/20'